URGENT ACTION

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18 Aug 2016

18th August, 2016

URGENT ACTION

The Iranian authorities executes three Ahwazi Arab

Three Ahwazi Arab activists, who were born in Hamideyeh in West Al-Ahwaz have executed by the Iranian authorities on 17th August 2016 in Ahwaz including two brothers, according to the reliable sources inside Al-Ahwaz and the Iranian official announcement.

Those men were arrested by the Iranian intelligence services in April 2015 in the charge of enmity of god, corruption on the earth, dangerous for national security, and having a link with resistance groups in Al-Ahwaz.

According to the reliable sources from Ahwazi and the Iranian official announcement, the Iranian authorities execute the three men in the central prison in Al-Ahwaz without informing their families, identifying the three as Mr Sajjad Hamid Saleh, aged 26, and brothers Qais Dishar Saleh Al-Obeidawi, aged 27 and Ahmad Dishar Saleh Al Obeidawi, aged 25.

The Iranian official announcement confirms that the three Ahwazi (their name has mentioned above) were arrested along with four Ahwazi, who have a linked with resistance groups. The four Ahwazi were also sentenced to the long life imprisonment and exile. Mr Mohammad Helfi Yabagh, aged 25 years, has sentenced to 35 years life imprisonment, to be served in exile in Yazd; Mr Mehdi Abbas Al-Zayer Sayahi has also sentenced to 35 years life imprisonment, to be served in exile in Yazd; and exile in Yazd; Mr Mehdi Marabiye and Mr Ali Hassan Saleh Al Obeidawi have both sentenced to 25 years life imprisonment.

The Ahwazi Organisation for the Defence of Human Rights would like to add that none of these three Ahwazi men, who have executed, had faced a fair trial and lawyer. Therefore, the Ahwazi Organisation for the Defence of Human Rights is concerned of the imminent execution against more Ahwazi activists. The organisation also would like to bring the International Organisations attention that the Iranian authorities have already executed a considerable number of Ahwazi cultural and political activists without informing their families and lawyers or facing standard court.

The Ahwazi Organisation for the Defence of Human Rights also would like to remind the international organisations that the UN Conventions offer treaty provision relating to the death penalty such as Article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to limit the death penalty and prohibited against activists. The organisation also

has urged the International Organisations in general and Dr Ahmad Shaheed, the Special Rapporteur of Human Rights for Iran in particular to put Iran under pressure to stop the death sentence against any activists in Ahwaz, and also free other Ahwazi political prisoners.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Ahwaz is an Arab land that located in the South- West and South Iran. The name of Al-Ahwaz has changed to Khuzestan, Bushehr and Hormozgan in 1935 after invading the land in 1925. The Iranian both regimes such as Pahlavi era and Islamic republic era used different ways to suppress Ahwazi voices.

A considerable number of Ahwazi have been arrested by the Iranian authorities due to their activities or having link with resistance groups. Therefore, many of the activists were died under torture, and many were sent to the death penalty or long life imprisonment.

The strategy of the Iranian authorities toward Ahwazi Arab people has an impact on Ahwazi Arabs. For instance, the demographic of Al-Ahwaz has changed due to bringing settlers to Al-Ahwaz; the vast majority of Ahwazi are unemployed, poor and homelessness.

The Iranian authorities also deprived Ahwazi of reaching their right to life, although Article 6 of the ICCPR states that “every human being has the irrefutable right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life”.

Besides, Article 6 states that “anyone sentenced to death shall have the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence”. ”Sentence of death shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age and shall not be carried out on pregnant women”.

Article 6 of ICCPR also states that ‘’the Authorities should not taking confess under torture and should not torture the prisoners while they are in prisons’’.

In 1996, the Economic and Social Council encouraged all member states to offer a fair trial and independent judiciary to people who may have been facing capital punishment, as mentioned in Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Roger Hood, 2008).

Safeguard 8 of the ”Safeguards Guaranteeing Protection of the Rights of Those Facing the Death Penalty”, adopted by the UN Economic and Social Council in 1984, states that ”the death penalty against a person who is waiting for its appeal or pardon cannot

be carried out”. It means that Safeguard 8 of the Committee also have an idea to limit the capital punishment. This position was further enforced by the UN Commission on Human Rights in resolution 2005/59, adopted on 20 April 2005, which urged all states should not ”carry out the capital punishment against a person who does not access an international or national level of the trial”. Therefore, the UN HRC has made clear that in various cases, the execution of a prisoner, when the sentence has not approved by the Supreme Court, is a violation of Article 6 of that Covenant.

The rights to equal access to justice are one of the cornerstones of any legal system based on the rule of law, in which the UN protocols against the death penalty by obtaining a fair trial. It is enshrined in Article 14(1) CCPR and, on the regional level, in Article 6(1) ECHR, and Article 8(1) ACHR. For example, Article 11 of the Convention offer people to have a ”fair trial for both civil and criminal matters’’ enunciates a very important right, for the implementation of all other rights depends upon the proper administration of justice.

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